Trademark is very important before opening a new company in any country for sure. It is advised the filing trademark registration in the trademark office to get a permit to enter a certain foreign country.
But there is a more important thing that you should keep in mind before filing the application of getting trademarks from the trademark office of that specific country. All goods and services have a trademark which you have to register separately.
There are 45 classification systems for goods and services in which you have to choose which one you want to get with the registration of marks. That classification system was classified under the world intellectual property organization known as WIPO arbitration.
This classification system is used in Hong Kong, which helps the applicants to easily find out the classes and then choose that in which their goods and services are going. Now we will discuss all the classes briefly down below:
It involves the chemicals used in horticulture, forestry, science, industry, and photography. It also contains artificial resins, tanning substances, substances for preserving food substances, soldering preparations, etc.
Class no 2 includes vanishes, paints, colorants, natural raw resins, preservatives against rust and deterioration of woods, metals in foil, powder form for painters, artistic works, printers, lacquers, etc.
This class contains substances used for laundries, such as scouring and polishing, abrasive preparations, and soaps. It also indicates essential oils, hair lotions, dentifrices, and cosmetics.
It contains lubricants and compositions for dust absorbing, wetting, and binding: fuels, candles, and wicks used for lighting, known as illuminants.
The veterinary and pharmaceutical preparations further include dietic food, sanitary medical preparations, and veterinary medicine. Moreover, it contains plasters and dietary supplements for animals and humans. It also contains dental wax, herbicides to kill vermin, etc.
General metals and their alloys include transportable building metals, non-electric and electric cables, wires, small and big hardware items such as pipes, tubes of metal, etc.
Machine and machine tools are added in this class which further contain engines and motors, machine mechanisms and coupling components, hand-operated machine parts, incubators for eggs, etc.
It includes hand tools such as cutlery, razors, and sidearms.
Instruments and apparatus for scientific, optical weighing, measuring, checking, signaling, photographic, cinematographic nautical, and surveying applications.
Apparatus and instruments for surgical, veterinary, and dental, which contain artificial teeth, limbs, eyes, and orthopedic materials.
Materials for heating, steaming, cooking, lighting, drying, ventilation, sanitary purposes, water supply, etc.
Apparatus for locomotion through water, air, and land.
It contains fireworks, projectiles, firearms, explosives, etc.
Delicate and precious metals with their alloys, including jewelry, horological, chronometric things, and precious stones.
All musical instruments.
All materials made with cardboard; paper are included in this class. It includes printed paper, stationery, photos, paints, brushes, teaching materials, etc.
Materials made with gutta-percha, asbestos, gum, and rubber fall in this category of class. It also contains plastic used for manufacturing, stopping and packing, and insulating things such as flexible pipes, etc.
Goods made from leather, including animal skin, trunks, parasols, umbrellas, traveling bags, saddlery, whips, walking sticks, etc.
Non-metallic building materials, including asphalt pitches, monuments, rigid pipes, etc.
Mirrors, picture frames, furniture, and goods made with wooden material. This class also contains the goods made with reed, wicker, horn, bone, whalebone, shell, mother of pearl, etc.
Kitchen and household utensils such as containers, sponges, etc., which are used for cleaning purposes, porcelain, and glassware.
This class contains nets, tents, ropes, sails, sacks, and bags. Additionally, it includes padding and stuffing materials such as fibrous material used in textiles.
Threads and yarns for textile usage.
Goods used in textile including table and bed covers.
Headgear, clothing, and footwear.
Ribbons, lace, braids, and embroidery. It also contains pins and needles, buttons and hooks, etc.
Rugs, carpets, wall hangings, and material used for covering existing floors.
Playthings such as sporting material, gymnastics, and decorations with Christmas tree.
Poultry, meat, fish. It also contains jams, milk, preserved-dried- fruits and dry fruits, etc.
Artificial coffee, sugar, honey, edible ices, coca, coffee, tea, bread, cereals, etc.
Horticultural, forestry, agricultural products such as fresh fruits, vegetables, natural plants, flowers, etc.
Beverages; alcoholic and non-alcoholic. Juices and syrups are also included in this class.
Tobacco, smokers, matches, etc.
This class contains the services you offer, including office functions, business management, and advertisement.
This class covers real estate affairs, financial, monetary, and insurance affairs services.
The services which contain installation, repairing, and building construction falls in this class.
Telecommunication system services.
Travel arrangements, transport, storage, and packing of goods.
Treatment of materials.
Training providence, educational, cultural, and sporting activities. It also covers entertainment.
Technological and scientific services. It contains designs of software and hardware of computer programs etc.
Food, drink, and temporary accommodation services.
Medical services include beauty care for humans and animals and hygiene care.
Legal and security services, including property rights protection. Social and personal services are also added to this class.
The world trading organization made an international agreement on intellectual property rights in terms of trade-related links and aspects in 1986, which were further negotiated till 1994. The WTO launched intellectual property rights into the trading system for the very first time in history.
The idea of trade among people was very old but making it more valuable for different societies is the new concept introduced under intellectual property rights. The global protection system treaties consider that trading should be evolved so that shipping goods and services can be done easily, even across borders.
In the international trade system, there are a few aspects that are regarded as crucial for effective trading. These are creativity, innovation, and branding of a trademark because it adds a lot of value to the trade you are going to do.
For the development of the trading system in the world, you should know how to utilize and then facilitate the other people with good quality goods and how it will enhance your reputation in a certain field. These things are integral considerations today.
The WTO members working under the trading intellectual property rights system know how to deal with and accommodate the domestic objective around the globe, and it all became possible due to that agreement among intergovernmental organizations.
Most people think about what intellectual property is and how it works. Intellectual property is the creation of minds which can be shown in different forms, including signs, expressions, artistic things, symbols, etc.
The government of any country has the duty to protect these expressions from any scams which are regarded as intellectual property rights. These rights can take the form of numbers such as the paintings and books that come under copyright, same the brand logos are registered in the name of the trademark.
The government then grant the creators to become right holder and offer different trademark ideas to the people serving the whole society. The WTO enables the one international registration of the trademark under internationally agreed basic standards among all international organizations.
Intellectual property rights have protection in all countries. The government, which is a member of WTO, offers patent protection and IP protection to the intellectual property rights holders so that public policy goals can be achieved.
Once you agree with the agreement under service marks, the organization will offer you the long-term benefit with short-term costs for limiting access to the mind’s creation. The trading intellectual property system of the world under WTO covers the following areas:
For working outside of WTO, the national treatment system is the key to moving the intellectual property rights system inwards. It says that intellectual property should contribute their services to technical innovation and technology transfer because both of these methods are made for social and economic welfare.
The WTO members have the duty to make sure the protection of intellectual property rights even if they are minimum in standard form. It has the following obligations, which should be followed by every WTO member:
Some further obligations are included in international standards, which are explained given below:
The members of WTO should keep the standard of copyright protection in the Berne convention of literary and artistic works that are legally satisfied. The copyrights have the rights of the broadcasting organizations, performers and producers, etc.
It added the clarified rights and obligations to the point that are explained below:
Mostly when this term comes, people think that the product with geographical indications explains its whereabouts, but it is not true. The geographical indications are used to elaborate on the special characteristics of a certain product resulting in the origins of that product.
An example includes Tequila, scotch whiskey, etc. It means that certain geographical indications of a product protect it from unfair competition. The intellectual property protected the rights in such issues amazingly.
Generally, industrial designs are regarded to refer to the aesthetic and ornamental aspects of a certain product. It basically describes the technical features of the product. Under that protected agreement of TRIPS, any industrial design will be protected for a minimum of ten years for sure.
Moreover, the one enterprise that holds it will be able to protect the design from the importation of any article or a copy of that design surely. It means the protected design can be used for commercial purposes easily.
The international registration of property rights has the ability to provide protection to the trademarks. Trademark is a combination of signs or can be a single sign that is made to differentiate between services and goods. Service marks and goods are different under the international classification.
Services and goods trademarks are international registration way from the trademark office to create classification systems. In this way, any company can enjoy the additional properties of TRIPS.
It is applied in all the fields of technology practice, along with industrial property rights. But make sure that the product offers innovation and benefit to the world. If so, then the protection you will get is for at least 20 years.
The patent process proceeds by submitting the required documents for the patent applications in many countries and offers to benefit the development of the world. The materials and practices for awareness, along with force and bodies, can be offered.
The reason for disputes among various countries of the world which are members of WTO is that developing countries consider the transfer of technology as a bargain practice that can be obtained from force and agreement bodies of the trademarks. It creates a conflict between the development of developed and developing countries.
Developed countries offer the payment to the companies that practice IP services for the transfer of technology under force practices that will be helpful in the development of the world.
It is known as the World intellectual property organization, organizes information and practices agreements of trademarks protection and payment. It has almost 15 special agencies in the United Nations. It offers IP services all over the world, including trademarks registration and agreement for offering IP to resolve disputes.
This organization is working to provide and receive protection and also give private rights to the most affected members. The related rights, along with the Lisbon system and single registration, offer one currency and one language for the IP of sound recordings.
Classification treaties under the geneva act work out in relevant signatory states satisfied by the IP of WTO. To get a protected IP, the trademark office helps the people for this purpose. The Trademark office takes some cash payments and makes a proper agreement for the registration of trademarks.
You should submit the following things to the trademark office:
This committee works on the law of trademarks, industrial property designs, and geographical indications under the Madrid system. The trademarks forum of this committee discusses the legal issues and policies related to IP marks.
This committee works out the international standards of trademarks for the development of the world and its trading systems. The IP marks of any services and goods are explained by this committee to the government.
IP marks are considered very important in the trademark system of world organizations because without them; you cannot open a new company in any country.
Trademark is considered very important no matter in which country you are trying to open your company. The world’s trademark system offers a lot of benefits to the WTO member countries, which is explained properly in this article.
Read the article thoroughly, and you get the answer to every question related to the trademark systems of the world.